Industrial Sociology: What are it and the Concept

Industrial sociology is a branch of sociology responsible for studying the effects of a company, or several, on a particular population and the impact that said population has on the company.

Industrial sociology, therefore, analyzes how a company influences a given population, like Inditex in Spain, for example. In the same way, it also focuses on how said society and population affect the company. In this example cited, how does Spanish society influence Inditex.

The attitudes and perceptions, which affect the individual’s behavior in the organization and society due to their employment relationship, are analyzed.

Origin of Industrial Sociology

Although this discipline has evolved, its cornerstone is work. However, this is done from divergent perspectives because, first, it is analyzed as a manifestation of conflict. Later, we can analyze it as social integration and a wealth generator.

A passionate advocate of it was Karl Marx. However, Émile Durkheim, a French sociologist and philosopher, was the principal founder of this discipline. In his criticism of capitalism, he analyzed the working conditions of the workers of his time during the Industrial Revolution.

Areas of Study of Industrial Sociology

Depending on the environment, a branch of sociology can be use in different areas of study, such as those shown below:

Industrial Sociology in the Community

  • Regarding the impact of the company on the community, we can analyze the following issues:
  • Integration of the company in the community.
  • The regulation of labor relations.
  • The work market.
  • Information technologies.
  • Social division of work.
  • Flexible employment.
  • Work flexibility.
  • Collective negotiation.

Industrial Sociology in the Company

  • Regarding the impact of the community on the company, we can analyze the following issues:
  • Work stress.
  • Difficulties in internal communication.
  • Inadequate management of human resources.
  • Causes of low labor productivity.
  • Worker rights.
  • General working conditions.
  • Type of leadership exercised.
  • Degree of staff satisfaction within the organization.
  • Organizational climate.

Characteristics of Industrial Sociology

Industrial to achieve this to achieve this. It addresses it from various angles. We can highlight economics, history, geography, psychology, demography, or anthropology among these branches.

Importance of Industrial Sociology

Industrial sociology has contributed to the historical change that labor laws have undergone, which has benefited organizations and society.

It is because industrial sociology seeks to solve aspects such as the study of how the individual’s problems outside of work also affect their work behavior or how the employment relationship affects their context and their community.

On the other hand, this exciting branch of sociology seeks to resolve conflicts in the internal relations of the organization. For example, we analyze the causes of workers’ resistance to change in the face of the introduction of technological innovations and what to do to overcome said resistance.

How Is Sociology Related to Industrial Engineering?

It studies these industrial societies. But at the same time, it also analyzes how social culture can impact the industrial structure. Therefore, the industry does not know without the environment in which it is integrated and the culture of which it is a part.

What is the Sociology of Health?

Sociology in medicine – is also called the sociology of health. The sociologist collaborates directly with the physician and other health professionals to study social factors relevant to a particular health disorder and analyses the causes and consequences of health and disease.

What is the Relationship between Sociology With Politics?

Political sociology is interdisciplinary, where political science and sociology intersect. The discipline uses comparative history to analyze systems of government and economic organization to understand the political climate of societies.

Why is Industrial Sociology Key in any Company?

Therefore, from the point of opinion of the human fabric that is key in any company, industrial sociology also analyzes the factors that positively or negatively condition the bonds of companionship within the team, the role of the boss, and his relationship with subordinates.


Industrial sociology, until recently a crucial research area within the field of sociology of work, examines “the direction and implications of trends in technological change, globalization, labor.

Also Read: What is Data Science? – Types, Importance, History, and More

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