Transportation is an activity of the tertiary area, understood as the movement of objects, animals, or people from one place (point of origin) to another (point of destination) in a vehicle (means or transport system) that uses a specific infrastructure ( transport network).
Structure: it is where the activity is carried out, such as the routes for land transport, the pipelines for the transportation of hydrocarbons, the cables for electric vehicles, and the navigation channels, among others.
Vehicle: it is the one that allows rapid transportation, such as the bicycle, the car, the trucks, the boats, and many more.
Operator: this is the person who drives or guides the vehicle that transports
Services: some services allow transport activity to be carried out safely, such as traffic lights.
To design and operate a transportation system, the concepts of supply and demand are used. For the system to be efficient, the demand must maximize the existing infrastructure, where it can only rarely exceed supply. So we are going to focus on the two main types of transport: people and goods. Have you got a general idea?
Public transport is the collective transport of passengers. Public transport users have to abide by the schedules and routes imposed by the transport company. These companies can be private or sometimes public transport consortiums. One of the most fantastic popular types of public passenger transport in urban transport. Urban transport has undergone significant technological advances to become more ecological in recent years.
People unfamiliar with business concepts tend to confuse logistics with transportation. Transportation moves goods, while logistics manages those movements. Therefore, transport executes the actions dictated by the logistics managers. It is one of the small compartments inside the logistics area. If a vehicle runs merchandise movements, we could say that logistics is in charge of managing these flows. Its planning and execution tasks separate it from the essential aspect of mere transportation. The types of freight transport carried out by companies can be classified according to several criteria. Here we present two of the most relevant types of vehicle: multimodal transport and intermodal transport.
Multimodal transport is defined as a necessity to use more than one type of vehicle to make the complete journey, mediating a single transport contract. We can also say that different modes of transport are articulate to more easily carry out the transshipment of goods in multimodal transportation. Another characteristic of multimodal transport is that the origin and destination are in different countries, so they may have to go through customs. If you want to know more about traditions, we recommend reading this article. Usually, specialized companies carry out multimodal transport since this type of transport has to follow complex legislation that should be well understood.
A real example of multimodal transport would be a journey where the products leave the company loaded on trucks. The trucks take the merchandise to a train. The train arrives at the port, where the products are loaded onto the ship and arrive at the destination port in a different country. The most widely used type of multimodal transport is intermodal transport. We will talk about him next.
In intermodal freight transport, the journey is made in different modes of transport using a single cargo unit, generally containers. Thus transfers are faster and more efficient. The most used cargo units are containers, although they are not the only ones that can be use. The types of ampules used are particular and allow transport in different means without handling the load. Are you interested in the field of transport and want further information? In this video, you will learn everything about freight transport.
We already know what transportation is. As you have seen, it is a topic to deepen because many different types of transport and regulations regulate it. Some companies manage the vehicle of their products and others delegate it to specialized companies. How do you do it in your company? What do you think is the best option? Feel free to share your experience in the comments. We would love to meet you and talk with you.
Transport, or transportation, is the movement of humans, animals, and goods from one location to another. In other words, the action of transport remains defined as a particular movement of an organism or thing from point A to point B. Modes of transport include air, land, water, cable, pipeline, and space.